Land-System Change

Across the world, there is a large diversity of land, from mountains to wetlands to deserts, and there is a large breadth of biodiversity. However, human influence has jeopardized these diverse regions. Land-System change occurs when the natural state of the land is altered due to human development. Examples of land-system change include river damming, forest clearing, marsh filling, and other similar actions [1,2].

Robotic Solutions for Land-System Change

Currently, there are no robotic solutions to help prevent or mitigate the issue of land-system change. 

If you know or have any idea(s) for preventive/responsive/restorative/adaptive robotic solutions addressing this Planetary Boundary, we would like to hear your thoughts. Please feel free to write us at


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[1] Shaikh, M. A., Hadjikakou, M., & Bryan, B. A. (2021). National-level consumption-based and production-based utilization of the land-system change planetary boundary: patterns and trends. Ecological Indicators, 121, 106981.
[2] Steffen, W., Richardson, K., Rockström, J., Cornell, S. E., Fetzer, I., Bennett, E. M., Biggs, R., Carpenter, S. R., de Vries, W., de Wit, C. A., Folke, C., Gerten, D., Heinke, J., Mace, G. M., Persson, L. M., Ramanathan, V., Reyers, B., & Sörlin, S. (2015). Planetary boundaries: Guiding human development on a changing planet. Science, 347(6223).